An enclosed carrier for a folded wheelchair, mounted on the outside side of an automobile, behind and adjacent to the driver's door, so that a wheelchair user can shift himself from his wheelchair to the driver's seat, then fold and store his own wheelchair, thus maintaining an economical independence.
Inventors: Walther; William Paul; (Arroyo Grande, CA)
Correspondence Name and Address: James F. Giebeler
3755 El Camino Drive
Serial No.: 912668
Series Code: 10
Filed: August 6, 2004
U.S. Current Class: 224/566; 224/517; 224/527; 224/543
U.S. Class at Publication: 224/566; 224/517; 224/527; 224/543
Intern'l Class: B60R 11/00 20060101 B60R011/00
1. A folded wheelchair carrier accessible to an automobile driver from his driver's seat, said carrier attaches at a side of said automobile outside of its passenger compartment adjacent to and behind said driver's door.
2. The wheelchair carrier of claim 1 which is enclosed, having an outwardly folding diagonally hinged upper cover extending from said carrier's top to a lower front door, said lower front door is hinged at its bottom to fold downward, wherein said lower front door serves as a ramp for the wheelchair.
3. The wheelchair carrier of claim 1 which holds said folded wheelchair vertically with both, or one, or none of said wheelchair's rear wheels in place.
4. The wheelchair carrier of claim 1 which is mounted cantilever on multiple beams attached to an automobile's frame.
5. The wheelchair carrier of claim 1 which is alternately mounted cantilever on multiple beams attached to a plate bolted under a unibody automobile's body floor, through said body floor, and through a reinforcement plate above the floor, sandwiching said body floor.
6. The wheelchair carrier of claim 1 which is pivotally mounted on a left one of said multiple cantilever beams allowing the carrier to pivot away from an automobile left rear wheel and tire, once the remaining right beams are unbolted.
7. A carrier mounted on a side of an automobile, said carrier is enclosed to hold vertically a folded wheelchair, accessible to a driver from his driver's seat, said carrier attaches at the side of said automobile outside of its passenger compartment adjacent to and behind said driver's door.
8. The wheelchair carrier of claim 7 which has a clam shell type top hinge and a top cover incorporating aerodynamic streamlining.
9. The wheelchair carrier of claim 7 which is mounted cantilever on multiple beams attached to a plate bolted under a unibody automobile's body floor, through said body floor, and through a reinforcement plate above the floor, sandwiching said body floor.
10. An alternate wheelchair carrier incorporated inside an automobile modified to hold a folded wheelchair vertical, accessible to a driver from his driver's seat, said wheelchair space is incorporated within said automobile wherein the axis of said wheelchair carrier space is parallel to the longitudinal axis of said automobile.
11. The wheelchair carrier automobile of claim 10 which has the driver side bottom door jam and floor notched toward the center of the automobile a width of the folded wheelchair, the driver's seat and steering wheel are equally moved toward the center of said automobile, allowing a wheelchair user to transfer from said wheelchair to said driver's seat, and then fold and place said wheelchair into said carrier space while seated in said driver's seat, finally a floor filler is attached to said driver door closing the open floor.
12. The wheelchair carrier automobile of claim 11 which posses uninterrupted original aerodynamic body streamlining and affords an original front passenger seat and a shortened rear passenger seat.
13. The wheelchair carrier automobile of claim 11 which has a hook from the ceiling over the notched open floor area, allowing a wheelchair user to roll under said hook and consequently lift himself to facilitate his transfer from said wheelchair to said driver's seat.
14. The wheelchair carrier automobile of claim 11 which has a fold down wheelchair ramp to the carrier space, said ramp when folded up is a stop to the stored wheelchair.
BACKROUND OF THE INVENTION
 1. Field of the Invention
 The present invention relates to vehicle mounted wheelchair carriers and, more particularly to carriers accessible to the driver, from the driver seat.
 2. Related Prior Art
 An ever increasing number of disabled and wheelchair users are traveling in this era. A more responsible society is making most government facilities, as well as the industrial complex wheelchair accessible. Traveling in the company of able-bodied people is relatively easy. Wheelchairs are folded to be placed in the car's trunk, or placed behind the front seat, or in SUVs, or in pickup truck beds.
 Many carriers attach at the rear of a vehicle to preserve interior space. Watt in U.S. Pat. No. 5,199,842 offers an enclosed carrier with a ramp to facilitate loading. Some of these rear mounted carriers such as Himel in U.S. Pat. No. 6,595,398 even elevate a wheelchair or scooter to travel height. However, the very disabled and quadriplegic persons must travel in special vans with ramps or power wheelchair lifts.
 A unique situation exists for the wheelchair user who retains the command of his or her arm and hand strength. While they may operate their vehicle independently, with the aid of a hand-controller, dealing with the wheelchair becomes their sole responsibility. This person must be able to fold, to lift, and to store their own wheelchair.
 Light weight wheelchair chairs with detachable foot rests and detachable rear wheels help make this easier. Considering the automobile, normally all that is economically available to the wheelchair users is 1) the front passenger seat of a car without a center counsel , or 2) the floor space behind the driver's seat, of a two door car.
 Yearly changes in the auto size and style make new car choices difficult for this special need. Economy of operation continues to be critical for the wheelchair user who travels.
 Two ingenious inventors, Steffes in U.S. Pat. No. 5,827,036 and Kameda in U.S. Pat. No. 6,273,668 both offer a roof mounted device which is applicable to any automobile. These apparatus lift a folded wheelchair vertically away from the drivers door, store it in a waterproof compartment, and present it back at the drivers door, upon request.
 Steckler in U.S. Pat. No. 5,746,563 discloses a system mounting in an automobile trunk, which opens the trunk, reaches around the car and telescopes up to the driver's door to pick up a wheelchair, and store it away in the trunk, then to represent it back at the drivers door when requested. These devices use electronic operators and controllers. They require maintaince and are expensive. This limits their availability to the average paraplegic person.
 It is therefore, an object of the present invention to provide a new and economical low technology wheelchair carrier, easily accessible to the driver, which can be mounted to any automobile.
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
 The present invention is directed to an economical folded wheelchair carrier, where in the carrier is mounted on the side of an automobile, accessible to the driver. Thus, this present invention satisfies the need for a wheelchair storage place for the wheelchair user who retains the command of his or her arm and hand strength. Now such a person can fold, and store his own wheelchair outside of the passenger compartment. To these ends an enclosed compartment is provided, attached alongside an automobile adjacent to and behind the driver's door. In the preferred embodiment, after transferring to the driver's seat, the wheel chair user opens the compartment, folds the chair, detaches the right rear wheel by its quick release axel, rolls the chair on one rear wheel into the carrier, then stores the loose wheel inside and closes the compartment. Now he is an independent driver.
 In some alternate embodiments the wheel chair carrier may be widened allowing the wheel chair entry with both rear wheels in place. And yet alternately, with both rear wheels removed, able to enter on a slide track allowing the narrowest and lowest profile driver accessible wheelchair carrier.
 A further feature of the invention is its ability to be moved easily to a different vehicle, as the car ages and conditions or circumstances for the wheelchair user change. Accordingly, it is another object of the present invention to provide variety for the wheelchair user, allowing him to easily transfer or change his same carrier from an enclosed sedan to for example, an open two seat roadster.
 To these ends, the mount also allows the folded wheelchair carrier to pivot up, out of the way of the automobile rear wheel, allowing service access to that wheel and tire.
 It is yet a further object of this present invention to provide an affordable driver accessible wheelchair carrier for the many wheelchair users throughout the world today.
 These and other objects, features, aspects, and advantages of the present invention will become better understood with reference to the following description and accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
 FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an automobile with a driver accessible wheelchair carrier while a wheelchair is positioned for the wheelchair user to transfer to the automobile driver seat.
 FIG. 2 is a plan view of an automobile with a driver accessible wheelchair carrier of the present invention installed.
 FIG. 3 is a front end view of an automobile with a driver accessible wheelchair carrier.
 FIG. 4 is a side view of an automobile with a driver accessible wheelchair carrier.
 FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken across the wheelchair carrier on line 50-50 of FIG. 2.
 FIG. 6 is a longitudinal sectional view taken on line 60-60 of FIG. 2.
 FIG. 7 is a side view of a driver accessible wheelchair carrier rotated to clear the rear tire for service.
 FIG. 8 is an end sectional view of an alternate driver accessible wheelchair carrier sized for a wheelchair with both rear wheels in place.
 FIG. 9 is an end sectional view of an alternate driver accessible wheelchair carrier sized for a wheelchair with no rear wheels in place.
 FIG. 10 is a perspective view of an alternate embodiment, having a clam shell top cover for the wheelchair carrier of the present invention.
 FIG. 11 is a plan view of an alternate embodiment, having a driver accessible wheelchair carrier incorporated within the automobile body, drivers door open.
 FIG. 12 is an end view of an alternate embodiment, having a driver accessible wheelchair carrier incorporated within the automobile body.
 FIG. 13 is a partial sectional side view of the automobile, taken on line 70-70 of FIG. 11.
 FIG. 14 is a partial sectional plan view of the automobile with the front doors open, taken on line 80-80 of FIG. 13.
 FIG. 15 is a sectional view of the automobile, taken on line 90-90 of FIG. 14.
 FIG. 16 is a side view of the alternate embodiment automobile with the drivers door open.
DRAWING NUMBER SUMMARY (NOTE NUMBERS NOT CONTINUOUS)
 1-16 Drawing Figure  21 Automobile  21a Alternate Automobile  22 Driver's Door  23 Driver'Seat  24 Left Rear Wheel & Tire  25 Driver Rear View Mirror  26 Automobile Bottom  30 Slide in wheel chair carrier  31 Rear Cantilever Beam  32 Carrier--preferred embodiment  32a Carrier (wide 2 rear wheels)  32b Carrier (narrow, no rear wheels)  32c Carrier--alternate embodiment, clam shell style  33 Bottom Door/Ramp  34 Top Door/Cover  34a Top--alternate embodiment, clam shell style  34b Lanyard  34c Gas Strut  34d Hinge  35 Carrier Bottom  36 Support Bracket  37 Bottom Plate  38 Forward Pivoting Cantilever Beam  39 Upper/Inside Plate  40 Bolt and Nut  42 Open Wheelchair  43 Folded Wheelchair, One Wheel Removed  43a Folded Wheelchair, Both Rear Wheel in place  43b Folded Wheelchair, Both Rear Wheels Removed  44 Removed Right Rear Wheel  45 Wheelchair Frame  46 Folded Wheelchair, footrest removed  52 Steering Wheel--Alternate  53 Driver Seat--Alternate  54 Front Passenger Seat  55 Rear Passenger Seat, Shortened  56 Drivers Door--Alternate  57 Front Passenger Door  58 Left Rear Passenger Door  59 Folded Wheelchair Space  62 Open Space cut from Floor  63 Floor Structural Reinforcement  64 Floor filler on Door  65 Fold Down Ramp  66 Ramp folded Up  67 Hook From Roof  50 Section Line  60 Section Line  70 Section Line  80 Section Line  90 Section Line
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PRESENT INVENTION
 Referring to the drawings, FIG. 1 shows in a perspective view an automobile 21 with a driver accessible wheelchair carrier 32 of the present invention installed. The driver's door 22 is open, demonstrating the close proximity of the driver's seat 23 to an open wheelchair 42 and to the driver accessible wheelchair carrier 32.
 FIG. 2 illustrates in a plan view the novel feature of the present invention where the driver accessible wheelchair carrier 32 is mounted immediately behind the driver's door 22.
 FIG. 3 is an end view showing the wheelchair carrier 32 mounted to automobile 21 and showing the driver's line of sight from the rear view mirror 25. In more detail, FIG. 4 is an elevational view showing the carrier 32 covering the left rear wheel and tire 24.
 Now, FIG. 5 continues with a sectional view showing the folded wheelchair 43 of the preferred embodiment having the right rear wheel 44 removed, said wheelchair resting within carrier 32 where bracket 36 is mounted to support wheelchair frame 45. Mounting the carrier 32, upper inside plate 39 is through bolted with bolts and nuts 40 to sandwich the body bottom 26 with bottom plate 37 having cantilever beams 31 and 38.
 As shown in longitudinal section view FIG. 6, said folded wheelchair 43 rests on carrier bottom 35 and support bracket 36, in wheelchair carrier 32. Top cover/door 34 is open and also the bottom door 33 is open serving as a ramp. The removed right rear wheel 44 is stored in the carrier 32. Bottom plate 37 attaches rear cantilever beam 31 and forward pivoting cantilever beam 38.
 Yet another novel feature of the wheelchair carrier 32 of this application is shown in FIG. 7 in which rear cantilever beam 31 is unbolted from wheelchair carrier 32 allowing said carrier to pivot on forward cantilever beam 38. This affords service of the automobile's left rear wheel and tire 24.
 In an alternate embodiment, FIG. 8 shows a wider wheelchair carrier 32a wherein a wheelchair 43a is carried without removing either rear wheel. Further, FIG. 9 shows another alternate embodiment, a narrow wheelchair carrier 32b for wheelchair 43b with both rear wheels removed. Slide 30 on carrier bottom 35b affords loading the wheelchair into said carrier. This version is the lowest in profile height.
 Now, turning to FIG. 10 in a perspective view, an alternate embodiment uses a clam shell top cover 34a over carrier bottom 32c. After loading wheelchair 43, gas strut supported cover 34a is pulled down with lanyard 34b. The clam shell top cover 34a affords aerodynamic streamlining of the wheelchair carrier.
 The plan view FIG. 11 shows an alternate novel feature of an automobile having of an open floor space 62 allowing excess for a wheelchair user, from his wheelchair to the carrier space 59 incorporated within the automobile body 21a and to the repositioned driver's seat 53 and steering wheel 52. The driver's door 56 and floor filler piece 64 swing open wide for wheelchair clearance, then fill in completely open space 62 when closed.
 FIG. 12 is an end view of the automobile 21a having a driver accessible wheelchair carrier space 59 parallel to the axis of the automobile incorporated within its body and thus preserving the original size and shape of the car.
 In more detail, FIG. 13 is a sectional side view of the automobile 21a, showing the floor structural reinforcement 63 below the driver's seat 53 with ramp 66 in the up position where it provides a stop for wheelchair 43a while in space 59. The fold down ramp 56 is shown in dashed lines.
 Yet, the partial plan section view FIG. 14 shows clearly the open floor space 62 affording easy excess to the wheelchair carrier space 59 for a wheelchair user, from his wheelchair and also to the repositioned driver's seat 53 and steering wheel 52. Modern cars use multiple universal joints in their steering columns, making the new position an easy task using driver hand controls for the accelerator and break. The front passenger seat 54 and door 57 are standard. Rear passenger seat 55 is shortened affording carrier space 59. In the up position ramp 66 provides the stop for wheelchair 43a while in space 59.
 Sectional end view FIG. 15 of the automobile 21a, shows passenger seat 54, driver's seat 53, and carrier space 59 with structural reinforcement 63 around open space 62. The hook from the roof 67 is centered over open space 62.
 FIG. 16 is a side view of the automobile 21a, showing the drivers door 56 with floor filler piece 64 open. Structural reinforcement 63 is below the driver's seat 53. The hook from the roof 67 is centered over open space 62.
 Although a preferred embodiment has been shown and described, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that many changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.